Facing the Interview board
RIGHT APPROACH – I
[Miss Rao is a candidate for Civil Services. She has fared very well in the Written Exam. The interview lasts for about 35 minutes—from 10.45 to 11.20 a.m.]
Candidate: Good morning, Sir.
(The Chairman directs her to take her seat meant for the candidates.)
Chairman: Miss Rao, did you do your B.A. Hons. (Sociology) in 1999?
Candidate: Sure, Sir.
Chairman: What are you doing presently ?
Candidate: I am a reporter with a newspaper.
Chairman: What do you report ?
Candidate: Mainly social and crime incidents.
Chairman: Inform me the nature of these crimes.
Candidate: They are principally such petty crimes as pickpocketting, chain snatching
Chairman (interrupting her): What do you assume are the reasons for these crimes ?
Candidate: Sir, the causes are primarily socio-economic incharacter.
Chairman: What social reasons ?
Candidate: These are as a result of our traditions, resembling the dowry system, no selection in the selection of mates, and the like.
Chairman: Are you able to assume of different causes ?
(Miss Rao doesn’t make a reply)
First Member: You’re from Kolar Goldfields. How is that the KGF has made no impression on the countryside around it ?
Candidate: The mines have been never anticipated to work for so long.
First Member: Are there no labour colonies and houses also ?
Candidate: No, Sir, but attempts are being made to construct houses for the staff. A number of models have been accomplished.
Second Member: Do you assume that profitability in the public sector must be related with profitability in the personal sector ?
Candidate: No, Sir. The general public sector has been set up primarily as a welfare measure. First Member: Are the mines very deep in KGF ?
Candidate: They have been, Sir. However now in South Africa, they have gone even deeper.
Third Member: Do you play badminton and desk tennis ?
Candidate: Yes, Sir.
Chairman: Are you able to identify any Indian participant who has attained international fame in badminton ?
Candidate: Sure, Sir. He is Prakash Padukone.
Chairman: Has badminton made any contribution to international diplomacy ?
Candidate: No. Sir. It is desk tennis—the “ping-pong” diplomacy—made famous by the Chinese language.
Second Member: How did it get its identify ?
Candidate: This was just about the Sino-American relations. When China had ideological variations with Russia, it turned in the direction of the United States for an ally. In this regard, long preparations have been made. Desk tennis teams have been exchanged between China and the USA. Hence, the identify “ping-pong” diplomacy originated.
First Member: Do you assume that it is over now ?
Candidate: It is kind of over, Sir.
Second Member: Then, what is “Shuttle Diplomacy” ?
Candidate: I’m not very positive, Sir.
Second Member: It is with regard to Kissinger’s diplomacy. Are you able to now keep in mind ?
Candidate: Sure, Sir. It was the “shuttling” of Mr. Henry Kissinger between Cairo, Beirut and Tel Aviv to bring about restoration of peace in West Asia.
SecondMember: Did it succeed ? Candidate: Sure, Sir. It resulted in the Camp David Accord.
Chairman: Who benefited the most out of this accord ?
Candidate: Israel, Sir.
First Member: How ? Beneath the treaty, it had to return the captured territories to Egypt.
Candidate: Sir, Israel received political recognition from a strong Arab nation—Egypt. As to the returning of the territories, these territories did not originally belong to Israel.
Third Member: OK. Suppose you’re selected for the IAS and you’re given 21 days to tour and discover out about your nation, which locations would you like to go to ?
Candidate: I might visit some representative farms, industrial centres……
Chairman: Would you go to some irrigation tasks also ?
Candidate: Yes, Sir. I was about to say this,
First Member: You’ve studied Sociology as the topic of your specialisation.
Candidate: Yes, Sir.
First Member: Are you able to identify anybody who has labored for tribal welfare in India ? I know you’ll say Gandhiji, however identify someone else.
Candidate: I’m sorry. I can’t recollect another identify now.
Chairman: You have been the Secretary of the Planning Forum during your school days. What was the objective of this Discussion board ?
Candidate: To promote planning consciousness amongst the college students, Sir.
Third Member: Miss Rao, suppose you’re posted in some nation in Africa. Assume you’re explaining to some African leaders the means India has succeeded by means of planning. Tell us all you’ll speak about.
Candidate: The complete planning programme for the nation is drawn up by the Planning Commission. The sectors are selected based on precedence, sources of income are identified, funds are allocated and targets fastened. India has quickly progressed via planning……
Third Member: OK, have you ever travelled outdoors Karnataka ?
Candidate: Little or no, Sir.
Third Member: Have you ever heard of Gangotri ?
Candidate: Yes, Sir. Third Member: Where is it ?
Candidate: In the Garhwal Hills in Uttarakhand.
Second Member: Have you ever heard of the man-eaters of Kumaon ?
Candidate: Sure, Sir. Second Member: Which animal is referred to as a man-eater ?
Candidate: Tiger, Sir.
Second Member: What does the Corbett National Park commemorate, Miss Rao ?
Candidate: It commemorates the memory of Jim Corbett who single-handedly killed the tigers in the Terai area and made the place protected for people. He was a well-known hunter, Sir.
Chairman: Galbraith stated, “India is a functioning anarchy.” Would you comment on that ?
Candidate: Anyone might say what he likes about this country. True, there are problems of maladjustment and disturbances within the financial system. But India has endured as a secure democracy all these years.
Third Member: Who is BalamuraliKrishnan ?
Candidate: He is an eminent exponent of Camatic music, who has been experimenting with numerous ragas and making an attempt to evolve new ones.
Chairman: What is the equal of raga in Western music ?
Candidate: The ‘notes’.
Chairman: Say, the ‘scale’.
Candidate: Thank you, Sir.
Second Member: Tell me about India’s relations with its neighbours.
Candidate: In the modified world state of affairs, the Authorities is doing its greatest to improve our relations with China, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh. As for Pakistan, mutual distrust and hostility have vitiated the environment all along however with the creation of democracy in Pakistan one hopes constructive response from throughout the border.
Third Member: What can we export to the Arab nations ?
Candidate: Fruits, vegetables and different necessities, also industrial instruments and gear. These nations present a huge market for ourlabour drive. Many Indians have gone and settled there in search of better prospects.
Chairman: Thank you, Miss Rao.
Candidate: Thanks, Sir.
[COMMENTS : Observe that the candidate did not adopt the guessing posture even once. When she did not know the answer to a question, she candidly admitted it. Whenever she was in doubt, she did not take any chances. This is the golden rule of interview. Even otherwise, the candidate is not expected to know about everything under the sun.]
RIGHT APPROACH – II
[The candidate, RuchiNarula, enters the room when her name is called. She offers her salutations to the Chairman and Members of the Board and takes her seat after having been asked to do so by the Chairman. She thanks the Chairman.]
Chairman: Miss Narula, we’re glad to notice out of your bio-data that, in addition to being a prolific writer, you could have travelled extensively. Will you tell us what struck you most once you first visited the overseas lands ? Did you are feeling strange on account of totally different nationwide traits of the individuals dwelling there ?
Candidate: Properly, Sir, I did not really feel unusual once I first went to the United States with my father since the landscape seemed fairly acquainted to me because of its illustrations in numerous books and magazines revealed in India. As for national characteristics I don’t consider in any. The one traits that I know of our particular person characteristics which differ from one particular person to a different, regardless of whether he is an Indian or from another nation.
First Member: What, in line with you, accounts for a sudden interest abroad in things of Indian origin, notably the Indian saree, music, yoga and so forth ? Do you assume this to be a passing part, or has it found a permanent place of their approach of life ?
Candidate: As far as I might decide, Sir, Indian tradition has created good impression on the individuals in the West. My conviction is based mostly on the incontrovertible fact that for these individuals it is a kind of discovery from which they derive much satisfaction and pleasure. I additionally really feel that for them the Indian inventive traditions seem to be actually fascinating and enchanting. Indian music, notably, presents them a new expertise. This view has been strengthened by the current holding of Festivals of India in England, France, United States and Russia.
Second Member: What is your area of writing ?
Candidate: Sir, I write brief stories, features on topical Issues and at occasions the biographies of eminent individuals.
Chairman: Do you regard literature as a hyperlink between the peoples of numerous nations ?
Candidate: Sir, I do not assume that literature has linked, or might ever link, totally different individuals.
Chairman: Do you wish to say that there are not any national literary tastes ?
Candidate: Sir, I do not consider in the geographical division of literature. There cannot be such a thing as Indian Literature with special traits of its own.
Chairman: To what would you attribute at this time’s distress In spite of the speedy advancement of information ?
Candidate: Sir, I feel it is as a result of the proven fact that we have now been creating information without paying a lot heed to human values, Subsequently, while information expands, our minds remain underdeveloped. We’re applying information with undeveloped or under-developed minds. This leads to disillusionment and misery.
First Member: What makes you decide for the Indian Overseas Service ?
Candidate: I know French and German, and I might be capable of serve my nation better by stepping into the Indian Overseas Service where my information of these overseas languages shall be an asset.
First Member: What do you understand by the policy of non-alignment ?
Candidate: Sir, it will be vital to elucidate the background of this idea before saying what is meant by non-alignment. The world was till a decade in the past divided into two main camps or blocs—one led by the USA and the other by the erstwhile USSR. There were quite a number of nations sandwiched between these two energy blocs, particularly people who attained independence after World Conflict II. These nations belonged to neither group, nor did they wish to align themselves with both of superpowers. These are referred to as non-aligned nations.
Third Member: What is the distinction between ‘non-alignment’ and `neutrality’ ?
Candidate: Prima Icicle, there is no difference, Sir. But in precise apply there is a considerable difference between the utilization of these two phrases. Neutrality implies a static strategy to some extent, while the policy of non-alignment exhibits a constructive, lively and deliberate effort on the half of a gaggle of individuals to make for the balancing of international equations.
First Member: When was the United Nations based 7 Who gave it its identify ?
Candidate: The United Nations was founded in 1945 after the end of World Warfare II. Sir, it was the American President Franklin D. Roosevelt who gave the world physique its identify : United Nations Organisation.
Chairman: What is meant by the time period, “Third World” ?
Candidate: Sir, the time period “Third World” signifies the underdeveloped or creating nations of Asia, Africa and Latin America. India also comes underneath this category.
First Member: What is the difference between an Ambassador and Charge d’ Affalres
Candidates: An Ambassador is the senior-most diplomat officer in rank. Charged’ Affaires comes next, In Commonwealth nations, nevertheless, our envoys are referred to as High Commissioners, and never Ambassadors.
Chairman: Miss Narula, what are your other interests ?
Candidate: Sir, apart from writing, I’m deeply hooked up to music, particularly jazz.
Second Member: What about sports ?
Candidate: Sir, I’m all in favour of garden tennis, but I need to confess that I’m only a mediocre player,
Chairman: That may do.
Candidate: Thank you, Sir.